Protectionism dilutes the competitive dynamic

SNCF's expansion of low-cost Ouigo services to replace existing TGVs has reduced the range of connections available across the French inter-city network. (Photo: Christophe Masse)

COMMENT: Are incumbent state operators expanding their low-cost high speed offer to try and keep new entrants out of a liberalised inter-city market, and how might this fit with European competition policy, asks Railway Gazette Managing Editor Nick Kingsley.

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